On December 10, 2014, the official exchange rate set by the National Bank of Georgia is 1.93 GEL to 1 USD. During the last three weeks GEL depreciated against the USD by 0.18 units.
At the peak, exchange booths were selling 1 USD at 2.05 GEL. The depreciation of the GEL in such an extent was out of the logic, despite taking into the consideration the fundamental aspects (trade balance worsened, remittances from abroad declined, the flow of the tourists slowed down), which affected negatively on the GEL exchange rate.
The sharp depreciation of the GEL was basically due to the speculations of the market players, also due to the panic reactions of the population as well as businesses, converting the GEL into the USD.